Justice For Kids


                                                                                                                              29 June 2013

              Latino Loophole (aka 'Hispanic Paradox')

      Brent Rooney ( email: fullterm40@gmail.com )

It has been an 'unsolved mystery' for over two (2) decades.

It is termed the 'Hispanic Paradox' (aka Latino Loophole).

Belonging to a below average socioeconomic stratum, young

Mexican immigrant women should have a raised premature

birth risk compared to native U.S. women. But 'mystery of

mysteries', Latino immigrants have a BELOW (!!!) average

preterm delivery risk.[1, Wommack] Have conventional

medical researchers 'punctured' this 'Hispanic Paradox'? Are

circles square? Do massive icebergs litter the Sahara Desert?

Does the 2013 U.S. President always tell the truth? With

over 90% of med researchers being 'politically correct', they

are still scratching their heads over this 'preemie paradox'.

Premature newborn babies have raised risk of 'MACE'

(Mental retardation, Autism, Cerebral palsy, Epilepsy) disorders,

plus higher odds of blindness, deafness, respiratory distress,

gastrointestinal injury and serious infections.

In 2009 via two (2) SRMAs (Systematic Reviews & Meta-

Analyses) it became SETTLED SCIENCE that prior IAs

(Induced Abortions) elevate preterm birth risk.[2, Swingle;

3, Shah] In theory, Latino women might be one group not

affected by the abortion-preemie risk. In 1986 professor Dr.

Michael Ross (UCLA) & colleagues tested over 20 potential

'preemie' risk factors for women in the Los Angeles, California

area.[4, Ross] The 1986 'Ross' abortion-preemie finding is

consistent with the 'Swingle' & 'Shah' systematic reviews,

with a reported 1.3 times the preterm birth risk for women

with prior IAs compared to women with zero prior IAs. 84%

of the women in the study were Latino women.[4, Ross]

In Mexico IA is NOT legal in most areas. It is reasonable to

believe that young Latino immigrants to the U.S. have a lower

IA prevalence compared to native U.S. women. This lower

IA prevalence is a major reason for the Latino 'Loophole' of

lower preterm birth rates than native U.S. women. But what

about daughters & granddaughters of such immigrant Latino

women? They tend to become acculturated & one consequence

of this is higher IA prevalence. What happens to the immigrant

Latino advantage of below average 'preemie' rate? It is NOT

enjoyed by 2nd, 3rd, and subsequent Latino generations.

Racism explains high Black-American 'preemie' rate?

Black-American women, with more than quadruple the IA

rate as non-Black-American women have triple the risk of

delivery under 32 weeks' gestation (i.e. very preterm)

compared to non-Black-Americans.[5, Rooney] Such very

preterm babies have fifty-five (55) times the CP (Cerebral

Palsy) risk as full-term newborns, according to the 2008

Eveline Himpens et al. meta-analysis.

Luck of the Irish?

The U.S. has a 'preemie' rate of about 12% (one birth in 8).

In the U.K. women in the Republic of Ireland (where IA is not

legal) have a low preterm birth rate [6, Calhoun], in fact, less

that one-half the U.S. rate. If the Republic of Ireland legalizes

induced abortions, much of this 'preemie' prize will disappear.

A video about the abortion-preemie risk by Keith Neely:


Brent Rooney (MSc)

Research Director, Reduce Preterm Risk Coalition

3456 Dunbar St. (Suite 146) Vancouver, Canada V6S 2C2

email: fullterm40@gmail.com


1 Wommack JC, Ruiz CJ, Marti N, Stowe RP, Brown CEL, et al.

Interleukin-10 Predicts Preterm Birth in Acculturated Hispanics.

Biological Research for Nursing Jan 2013;15(1):78-85

[abstract URL: http://brn.sagepub.com/content/15/1/78.abstract ]

2 Swingle HM, Colaizy TT, Zimmerman MB, Moriss FH. Abortion

and the risk of subsequent preterm birth: a systematic review

and meta-analysis. J Reproductive Med 2009;54:95-108.

3 Shah PS, Zao J. Induced termination of pregnancy and low

birthweight and preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BJOG [British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology] 2009;116:

1425-1442. [URL:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02278.x/pdf ]

4 Ross MG, Hobel CJ, Bragenier JR, Bear MB, Bemis RL. A

simplified risk-scoring system for prematurity. American J

Perinatology 1986;3:339-344

5 Rooney B, Calhoun BC, Roche L. Does induced abortion account for

racial disparity in preterm births, and violate the Nuremberg Code?

J Am Phys Surg 2008;13:102-104

[URL: http://www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf ]

6 Calhoun BC, Thorp JM, Carroll PS. Maternal and Neonatal

Health and Abortion: 40-Year Trends in Great Britain and

Ireland. J Amer Phys Surgeons 2013;12(2):42-46

[URL: http://www.jpands.org/vol18no2/calhoun.pdf ]