Justice For Kids

Chap. 4: OVER 55  21 first Century Studies + Hungary Article

Justice For Kids Now -     -     -     -Chapter 4  -     4 May 2017      -
 

 Contents:

1 List of statistically significant studies finding that prior induced

   abortions raise the risk of preterm birth or low birth weight.

   Over 55 of these studies are in the 21st CENTURY!

2 English translation of the December 1973 article in Hungary
   News (Magyar Hirek) wherein the Hungarian government
   admitted that the Hungarian 'preemie epidemic' was due
   to induced abortions
...........................................................................................................

1 List of statistically significant studies finding that prior induced

   abortions raise the risk of preterm birth or low birth weight. The

  A-LIST has 27 studies finding higher risk of VERY preterm birth

  (under 32 weeks' gestation)  or VERY LOW BIRHT WEIGHT (under

  1,500 grams) and the B-LIST has a list of all 156 significant studies

  finding higher risk of preterm birth or low birth weight (under 2,500 grams):

A. 27 Statistically significant published studies reporting
that prior surgical abortions (VAA ('suction'), D & C,
D & E, D & X) elevate future risk of VERY PREMATURE
DELIVERY (under 32 weeks' gestation) and/or VERY
LOW BIRTH-WEIGHT (under 1,500 grams). Eleven (11)
of the 26 significant studies found that prior abortions raise
the risk of future EXTREMELY preterm birth (under 28
weeks' gestation) & these studies are marked via 'XXX'.

B. 158 Statistically significant published studies reporting
that prior surgical abortions (VAA ('suction'), D & C,
D & E, D & X) elevate future risk of PREMATURE
DELIVERY (under 37 weeks' gestation) and/or LOW-
BIRTH-WEIGHT (under 2,500 grams).

Brent Rooney (MSc, fullterm40@gmail.com )

A. 27 Statistically significant published studies reporting
that prior surgical abortions (VAA ('suction'), D & C,
D & E, D & X) elevate future risk of VERY PREMATURE
DELIVERY (under 32 weeks' gestation) and/or VERY
LOW BIRTH-WEIGHT (under 1,500 grams). XXX marks
marks studies finding higher risk of extremely
Preterm Birth (under 28.0 weeks' gestation)
for women with prior induced abortions.

A1+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J.
Modelling prior reproductive history to improve predication of risk
for very preterm birth. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24:402-415

A2+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J.
Modelling sequence of prior pregnancies on subsequent risk of very
preterm birth. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24:416-423

A3 Reime B, Schuecking BA, Wenzlaff P. Reproductive Outcomes
in Adolescents Who Had a Previous Birth or an Induced Abortion
Compared to Adolescents' First Pregnancies. BMC Pregnancy
and Childbirth 2008;8:4

A4+ Voigt M, Olbertz D, Fusch C, Krafczyk D. Briese V, Schneider KT.
The influence of previous pregnancy terminations, miscarriages, and
still-birth on the incidence of babies with low birth weight and
premature births as well as somatic classification of newborns.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2008;212:5-12

XXX - A5 Smith GCS, Shah I, White IR, Pell JP, Crossley JA, Dobbie R.
Maternal and biochemical predictors of spontaneous preterm birth
among nulliparous women: a systematic analysis in relation to
degree of prematurity. International J Epidemiology 2006;35(5):
1169-1177

XXX - A6 Stang P, Hammond AO, Bauman P. Induced Abortion Increases
the Risk of Very Preterm Delivery; Results from a Large Perinatal
Database. Fertility Sterility. Sept 2005;S159 [Study only published
as an abstract]

XXX - A7+ Moreau C, Kaminski M, Ancel PY, Bouyer J, et al. Previous
induced abortions and the risk of very preterm delivery: results of
the EPIPAGE study. British J Obstetrics Gynaecology 2005;112(4):
430-437 [abstract online: www.
blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2004.00478.x/abs/ ]

A8 Ancel PY, Lelong N, Papiernik E, Saurel-Cubizolles MJ, Kaminski M.
History of induced abortion as a risk factor for preterm birth in European
countries: results of EUROPOP survey. Human Reprod 2004;19(3):734-740.

A9+ Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles M-J, Renzo GCD, Papiernik E, Breart G.
Very and moderate preterm births: are the risk factors different?
British J Obstetrics Gynaecology 1999;106:1162-1170.

A10+ Zhou W, Sorenson HT, Olsen J. Induced Abortion and Subsequent
Pregnancy Duration. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;94:948-953.

A11+ Martius JA, Steck T, Oehler MK, Wulf K-H. Risk factors associated
with preterm (<37+0 weeks) and early preterm (<32+0 weeks): univariate
and multi-variate analysis of 106 345 singleton births from
1994 statewide perinatal survey of Bavaria. European J Obstetrics
Gynecology Reproductive Biology 1998;80:183-189.

XXX - A12+ Lumley J. The association between prior spontaneous abortion,
prior induced abortion and preterm birth in first singleton births.
Prenat Neonat Med 1998;3:21-24.

XXX - A13+ Lumley J. The epidemiology of preterm birth. Bailliere's Clin
Obstet Gynecology 1993;7(3):477-498

A14+ Algert C, Roberts C, Adelson P, Frammer M. Low birth weight
in New South Wales, 1987: a Population-Based Study. Aust New
Zealand J Obstet Gynaecol 1993;33:243-248

A15+* Zhang J, Savitz DA. Preterm Birth Subtypes among Blacks
and Whites. Epidemiology 1992;3:428-433.

A16+ Mueller-Heubach E, Guzick DS. Evaluation of risk scoring
in a preterm birth prevention study of indigent patients. Amer
J Obstetrics & Gynecol 1989;160:829-837.

A17+ Lumley J. Very low birth-weight (less than 1500g) and
previous induced abortion: Victoria 1982-1983. Aust NZ J
Obstet Gynecol 1986;26:268-272.

A18 Schuler D, Klinger A. Causes of low birth weight in
Hungary. Acta Paediatrica Hungarica 1984;24:173-185

XXX - A19+ Levin A, Schoenbaum S, Monson R, Stubblefield P,
Ryan K. Association of Abortion With Subsequent Pregnancy
Loss. JAMA 1980;243(24):2495-2499

A20 Van Der Slikke JW, Treffers PE. Influence of induced abortion
on gestational duration in subsequent pregnancies. BMJ 1978;
1:270-272 [>95% confident of preterm risk for gestation less
than 32.0 weeks].

A21 Watson LF, Rayner J-A, Forster D. Identifying risk factors for very
preterm birth: A reference for clinicians. [In Press] Midwifery 2012

XXX - A22 Bhattacharya S, Lowit A, Bhattacharya S, Raja EA, Lee AM,
Mahmood T, Templeton A. Reproductive outcomes following induced
abortion; a national register-based cohort study in Scotland. BMJ OPEN
2012;2:e000911 [ doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-000911 ; URL:
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/4/e000911.full.pdf ]

XXX - A23 Klemetti R, Gissler M, Niinimaki M, Hemminki E. Birth outcomes
after induced abortion: a nationwide register-based study of first births in
Finland. Human Reproduction 2012 August 29 [Epub ahead of print] [URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22933527 ]

XXX - A24 Ghislain Hardy, Alice Benjamin, Haim A. Abenhaim.

Effects of Induced Abortions on Early Preterm Births

and Adverse Perinatal Outcomes. Journal of Obstetrics

and Gynaecology Canada 2013;35(2):138-143 URL: 

http://www.jogc.com/article/S1701-2163(15)31018-5/pdf


XXX – A25 Raisanen S, Gissler M, Saari J, Kramer M, Heinon S.
Contribution of Risk Factors to Extremely, Very and Moderately
Preterm Term Births- Register-Based Analysis of 1,390,742 Singleton
Births. PLOS ONE April 2013;8(4):1-7
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0060660

XXX – A26 Scholten BL, Page-Christiaens CML, Franx A, Hukkelhoven
CWPM, Koster MPH. The influence of pregnancy termination on the
outcome of subsequent pregnancies: a retrospective cohort study.
BMJ OPEN 2013;3;e002803 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002803
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/5/e002803.full.pdf.html

XXX - A27  Usynina AA, Postoes VA, Grjiborski AM, Krettek A,
Nieboer E, et al. Maternal Risk Factors for Preterm Birth in Murmansk County, Russia: A Register-Based Study. [IN PRESS] Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology May 2016 [Population: Russian; Extremely-Preterm-Birth/IA O.R. 1.96 (1.32-2.91) ; URL:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppe.12304/abstract;jsessionid=21F58F4D094BE6E74835106D510579A6.f01t01?userIsAuthenticated=false&deniedAccessCustomisedMessage= ]

 

.............................................................................................................
*   -   studies that included spontaneous and induced
               abortions but did not report PTB/LBW risk separately for each
+  -   studies that found dose/response (the more SIAs, the higher the risk)
XXX - Studies finding that prior induced abortions raise later risk of
              an extremely preterm delivery (under 28 weeks' gestation) 
!! Significant VPB (Very Preterm Birth) and/or AVLBW (Very Low Birth Weight)
...................................................................................................................................
 
B. 158 Statistically significant published studies reporting
that prior surgical abortions ('suction', D & C, D & E, D & X)
elevated future risk of premature delivery and/or low birth
weight (under 2,500 grams). The numbering is DESCENDING
(from 157 to 1).

2010-2019
 

158* Giri A, Sedhain R. Socioeconomic and Reproductive Factors

Related to Low Birth Weight Babies. J Nobel Medical College

2016; Volume 5 (Number 1, Issue 8):57-60 [Country: Nepal]

 
157* Roozbeh N, Moradi S, Soltani S, Zolfizaden F, Hasani MT,
et al. Factors assocaited with preterm labor in Hormozgan
province in 2013. Electronic Physician September 2016;8(9):
2918-2923

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5074750/pdf/epj-08-2918.pdf


156*  Oster RT, Toth EL. Longitudinal Rates and Risk Factors for

Adverse Birth Weight Among First Nations Pregnancies

in Alberta. Journal Obstetrics Gynaecology Canada

2016;38(1):29-34 [ URL:

http://www.jogc.com/article/S1701-2163(15)00012-2/pdf ]

 
 
155  Usynina AA, Postoes VA, Grjiborski AM, Krettek A, Nieboer E,

et al. Maternal Risk Factors for Preterm Birth in Murmansk County,

Russia: A Register-Based Study. [IN PRESS] Paediatric Perinatal

Epidemiology May 2016 [Population: Russian; Extremely-Preterm-

Birth/IA O.R. 1.96 (1.32-2.91) ; URL:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppe.12304/abstract;jsessionid=21F58F4D094BE6E74835106D510579A6.f01t01?userIsAuthenticated=false&deniedAccessCustomisedMessage= ]

 
154* Tehranian N, Ranjbar M, Shobeiri F. The Prevalence Rate and
Risk Factors for Preterm Delivery in Tehran, Iran. J Midwifery
Reproductive Health 2016;4(2):600-604 [Relative Risk = 2.85
[p = 0.02]; population: Iranian women; corresponding author:
Dr Shobeiri <fshobeiri@yaoo.com> ; URL:
http://jmrh.mums.ac.ir/article_6605_71c61dc2599d72332127986bcf4d8b9a.pdf
]
153 Feresu SA, Harlow SD, Woelk GB. Risk Factors for Low Birthweight

in Zimbabwean Women: A Secondary Data Analysis. Plos one

June 26, 2015 (17 pages) [LBW O.R. for women with history of

abortion or stillbirth = 1.47 (1.13-1.91); URL:

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0129705&type=printable

]

152 Patel PK, Pitre DS, Bhooker S. Predictive Value of Various
Risk Factors For Preterm Labor. National J Community Medicine
2015;6(1):121-125 [URL:
http://njcmindia.org/uploads/6-1_121-125.pdf , INDIAN subjects]

151* Abelhady AS, Abdelwahid A. Rate and Risk Factors of Preterm
Birth in a Secondary Health Care Facility in Cairo. World Journal
Medical Sciences 2015;12(1):09-16 [ URL:
http://idosi.org/wjms/12%281%2915/2.pdf ]
 
 

150* Bugssa G, Dimtsu B, Alemayehu M. Socio Demographic

and Maternal Determinants of Low Birth Weight at Mekelle

Hospital, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study.

American Journal Advanced Drug Delivery 2014 URL:

http://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/35756116/PA-500302-_3_.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJ56TQJRTWSMTNPEA&Expires=1481578751&Signature=tJ06hL%2B9Z0uz9m6pGaqihkhGP2g%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DSocio_Demographic_and_Maternal_Determina.pdf

; History of abortion multiplies LBW risk by 5.07 ]

 
 
149 Makhlouf MA, Clifton RG, Roberts JM, Myatt L, et al.
Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes among Women with Prior Spontaneous
or Induced Abortions. American J Perinatology 2014
[Abstract URL:

https://www.thieme-connect.com/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/s-0033-1358771  


148* Chaman R, Amiri M, Ajami M-E, Sadeghian A, Khosravi A.
Low Birth Weight and Its Related Risk Factors in Northeast Iran.
Iran J Pediatrics December 2013;23(6):701-704 [URL:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025130/pdf/IJPD-23-701.pdf ]

  

147 Haghighi L, Najmi Z, et al. Twin's sex and risk of pre-term birth.

J Obstetrics Gynaecology Nov. 2013;33:823-826

[ http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/01443615.2013.831051

; Iranian population ]

146 McCarthy F, Khashan AS, North RA, Rahma M, Walker JJ, et al.

Pregnancy loss managed by cervical dilation and curettage increases
the risk of spontaneous preterm birth. Human Reproduction Advanced
Access 19 September 2013 Vol. 0 No. 0 pp. 1-10 abstract URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24052504

145 Oliver-Williams C, Fleming M, Monteath K., Wood AM, Smith GCS.

Changes in Association between Previous Therapeutic Abortion and

Preterm Birth in Scotland, 1980 to 2008: A Historical Chort Study.

PLOS July 2013;10(7:1-11

http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1001481&representation=PDF

[Although the 2013 'Oliver-Williams' study found significantly elevated

risk of preterm birth, for the 21st century this study did NOT find

elevated preterm birth risk for Scottish women with prior induced

abortions]


144 Scholten BL, Page-Christiaens CML, Franx A, Hukkelhoven
CWPM, Koster MPH. The influence of pregnancy termination on the
outcome of subsequent pregnancies: a retrospective cohort study.
BMJ OPEN 2013;3;e002803 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002803
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/5/e002803.full.pdf+html

143 Raisanen S, Gissler M, Saari J, Kramer M, Heinon S.
Contribution of Risk Factors to Extremely, Very and Moderately
Preterm Term Births- Register-Based Analysis of 1,390,742 Singleton
Births. PLOS ONE April 2013;8(4):1-7
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0060660

142 Watson LF, Rayner J-A, Forster D. Identifying risk factors for
very preterm birth: A reference for clinicians. Midwifery May 2013;
29(5):434-439

141 Ghislain Hardy, Alice Benjamin, Haim A. Abenhaim.

Effects of Induced Abortions on Early Preterm Births

and Adverse Perinatal Outcomes. Journal Obstetrics

Gynaecology Canada 2013;35(2):138-143 [ URL: 

http://www.jogc.com/article/S1701-2163(15)31018-5/pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

]

140* Heaman M, Kingston D, Chalmers B, Sauve R, Lee L, Young D.

Risk Factors for Preterm Birth and Small-for-gestational-age among
Canadian Women. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology 2013;27:54-61
139 Klemetti R, Gissler M, Niinimaki M, Hemminki E. Birth outcomes
after induced abortion: a nationwide register-based study of first births
in Finland. Human Reproduction 2012 August 29 [Epub ahead of print]
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22933527
138 Bhattacharya S, Lowit A, Bhattacharya S, Raja EA, Lee AM,
Mahmood T, Templeton A. Reproductive outcomes following induced
abortion; a national register-based cohort study in Scotland. BMJ
OPEN 2012;2:e000911
[ doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-000911 ; URL:
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/4/e000911.full.pdf ]
137* Deshpande JD, Phalke DB, Bengal VB, Peeyuusa D, Bhatt S.

Maternal Risk Factors For Low Birth Weight: A Hospital Based Case-Control

Study in Area of Western Maharashtra. National J Community Medicine

2011;2(3):394-398 [O.R. 1.99 ( 1.08-3.68 ), p=0.03)]; country: India;

136* Renzo GCD, Giardina I, Rosati A, Clerici G, Torricelli M, et al.
Maternal risk factors for preterm birth: a country based population
analysis. European J Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.
December 2011;159(2):342-346 URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301211511005392
135 Liao H, Wei Q, Duan L, Ge J, Zhou Y, Zeng W. Repeated medical
abortions and the risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies.
Arch Gynecol Obstet 2011;289:579-586 URL:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/d5mt821806512570/

134 Furquim MA, Alencar GP, Schoeps D, Novaes HMD, Campbell O,
et al. Survival and risk factors nor neonatal mortality in a cohort
of very low birth weight infants in the southern region of San Paulo
city, Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Publica 2011;27(6)

133 Junli G, Weiyue Z. Influence of artificial abortion on preterm labor
and risk in subsequent pregnancy. Chinese J Obstet Gynaecol
Pediatrics [Electronic] 2010;447-451

132 Ammar M Alfadhli, Ali M Hajia, Farida AK Mohammed,
Hamdiya A Alfadhli, Medhat K El-Shazly. Incidence and Potential
Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight Among Full Term Deliveries
2010;46(2):157-164 [Study Population: Kuwaiti women]

131+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J.
Modelling sequence of prior pregnancies on subsequent risk of very
preterm birth. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24:416-423

130+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J.
Modelling prior reproductive history to improve predication of risk
for very preterm birth. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology
2010;24:402-415

129 Yuan W, Duffner AM, Chen L, Hunt LP, Sellers SM, Bernal AL.
Analysis of preterm deliveries below 35 weeks' gestation in a tertiary
hospital in the UK. A case-control survey.. BMC
Research Notes 2010;3:119

2000-2009

128 Voigt M, Henrich W, Zygmunt M, Friese K, Straube S, Briese V.
Is induced abortion a risk factor in subsequent pregnancy? Journal
Perinatal Medicine 2009;37:144-149 [ Study Population: German
women ]

127 Freak-Poli R, Chan A, Gaeme J, Street J. Previous abortion and
risk of preterm birth: a population study. J Maternal-Fetal Med Jan.
2009;22(1):1-7 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

126 Hldre K, Rahu K, Karro H, Rahu M. Previous history of surgically
induced abortion and complications of the third stage of labour in
subsequent normal vaginal deliveries. J Maternal-Fetal Neonatal
Medicine 2008;21(12):884-888 [Study Population: Estonian women]

125 Visintine J, Berghella V, Henning D, Baxter J. Cervical length
for prediction of preterm birth in women with multiple prior induced
abortions. Ultrasound Obstetrics Gynecology 2008;31(2):198-200
[ Study Population: U.S. women ]

124* Sareer Badshah, Linda Mason, Kenneth McKelvie, Roger Payne,
Paulo JG Lisboa. Risk factors for low birthweight in the public-
hospitals at Peshawar NWFP-Pakistan. BMC Public Health 2008;
8:197-206 [ Study Population: Pakistani women ]

!!+123 Voigt M, Olbertz D, Fusch C, Krafczyk D. Briese V, Schneider
KT. The infuluence of previous pregnancy terminations, miscarriages,
and still-birth on the incidence of babies with low birth weight and
premature births as well as somatic classication of newborns.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2008;212:5-12 [Study Population:
German women ]

122 Reime B, Schuecking BA, Wenzlaff P. Reproductive Outcomes in
Adolescents Who Had a Previous Birth or an Induced Abortion
Compared to Adolescents' First Pregnancies. BMC Pregnancy and
Childbirth 2008;8:4 [ Study Population: German women ]

121* Brown TS, Adera T, Masho SW. Previous abortion and the risk
of low birth weight and preterm births. J Epidemiol Commun Health
2008;62:16-22 [Study Population: U.S. women ]

120 Curry AE, Vogel I, Drews C, Schendel D, Skogstrand K, et al.
Mid-pregnancy maternal plasma levels of interleukin 2, 6, and 12,
tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-
macrophage colony-stimulating factor and spontaneous preterm
delivery. Acta Obstectica et Gynecologica 2007:86:1103-1110 [
Study Population: Danish women ]

119 Chung-Chin Lo, Jenn-Jeih Hsu, Ching-Chang Hsieh,
T'sang-T-sang Hsieh, Tai-Ho Hung. Risk Factors For Spontaneous
Preterm Delivery Before 34 Weeks of Gestation Among Taiwanese
Women. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2007;46(4):389-394 [ Study
Population: Taiwanese women ]

118 Jackson JE, Grobman WA, Haney E, Casele H. Mid-trimester
dilation and evacuation with laminaria does not increase the
risk for severe subsequent pregnancy complications. Intl J
Gynecol Obstet 2007;96:12-15 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

117 Briunsma F, Lumley J, Tan J, Quinn M. Precancerous changes
in the cervix and risk of subsequent preterm birth. BJOG
Jan. 2007;114(1):70-80 { Study Population: Australian women ]

116 Losa SM, Gonzalez E, Gonzalez G. Risk Factors for Preterm
Birth. Prog Obstet Ginecol 2006;49(2):57-65

115 Teramoto S, Soeda A, Hayashi Y, Urashima M. Physical and
socioeconomic predictors of birth weight in Japan. Pediatrics
International 2006;48(3):274-277

!!114 Smith GCS, Shah I, White IR, Pell JP, Crossley JA, Dobbie
R. Maternal and biochemical predictors of spontaneous preterm
birth among nulliparous women: a systematic analysis in relation
to degree of prematurity. Intl J Epidem 2006;35(5):1169-1177
[ Study Population: Scottish women ]

113 K.K. Roy, Jinee Baruah, Sunesh Kumar, Neena Malhotra,
A.K. Deorari, J.B. Sharma. Maternal Antenatal Profile and
Immediate Neonatal Outcome in VLBW and ELBW Babies.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2006;73(8):669-673
[Study Population: Indian women in India]

112 Samin A, Al-Dabbagh, Wafa Y Al-Taee. Risk factors for
preterm birth in Iraq: a case-control study. Pregnancy and
Childbirth. BMC 2006;6:13 [ Study Population: women in Iraq ]

111 Poikkens P. Unkila-Kallio L, Vilska S, Repokari L. et al.
Impact of Infertility Characteristics and treatment
modalities on singleton pregnancies after assisted
reproduction. Reproductive Biomed July 2006;13(1):135-144
[ Study Population: Finnish women ]

110 Etuk SJ, Etuk IS, Oyo-Ita AE. Factors Influencing the
Incidence of Pre-term Birth in Calabar, Nigeria. Nigerian
J Physiological Sciences 2005;20(1-2):63-68 [ Study Population:
Nigerian women; URL:
http://www.ajol.info/index.php/njps/article/viewFile/32656/63772 ]

!!109 Stang P, Hammond AO, Bauman P. Induced Abortion
Increases the Risk of Very Preterm Delivery; Results from
a Large Perinatal Database. Fertility Sterility Sept 2005;S159
[ Study Population: German women ]

108* Conde-Agudelo A, Belizan JM, Breman R, Brockman SC,
Rosas-Bermudez. Effect of the interpregnancy interval after
an abortion on maternal and perinatal health in Latin
America. Int J Gynaecol & Obstet 2005;89 (Supp. 1):S34-S40.
[ Study Population: from Latin American countries ]

!!+107 Moreau C, Kaminski M, Ancel PY, Bouyer J, et al.
Previous induced abortions and the risk of very preterm delivery:
results of the EPIPAGE study. British J Obstetrics Gynaecology
2005;112(4):430-437 [France] [abstract online:
www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2004.00478.x/abs/ ;
Study Population: French women ]

*106 Burguet A, Kamiski M, Abraham L, Schaaf J-P, Cambonie G,
et al. -The complex relationship between smoking in pregnancy and
very preterm delivery. Results of the Epipage study. BJOG 2004;111:
258-265 [URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1471-0528.2003.00037.x/pdf ]

105 Umeora OUJ, Ande ABA, Onuh SO, Okubor PO, Mbazor JO.
Incidence and risk factors for preterm delivery in a tertiary health
institution in Nigeria. J Obstetrics Gynaecology Nov. 2004;
24(8):895-896 [Study Population: Nigerian women ]

!!+104 Ancel PY, Lelong N, Papiernik E, Saurel-Cubizolles MJ,
Kaminski M. History of induced abortion as a risk factor
for preterm birth in European countries: results of EUROPOP
survey. Human Repro 2004; 19(3): 734-740.
[ Abstract URL: http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/3/734.short ]
[ Study Population: from ten (10) countries: Czech Republic,
Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia, Sweden,
Scotland, Slovenia ]

103 Reime B, Schuecking BA, Wenzlaff P. Perinatal outcomes of
teenage pregnancies according to gravidity and obstetric history.
Annals of Epidemiology 2004;14(8):619-619 [ Study Population:
German women] http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=3DGatewayURL&_method=3DcitationSearch&_uoikey=3DB6T44-4D8V8F5-2R&_origin=3DSDEMFRASCII&_version=3D1&md5=3De73601c4adf512cbb49d79b556183ab7

102 El-Bastawissi AY, Sorensen TK, Akafomo CK, Frederick IO,
Xiao R, Williams MA. History of Fetal Loss and Other Adverse
Pregnancy Outcomes in Relation to Subsequent Risk of Preterm
Delivery. Maternal Child Health J 2003;7(1):53-58 [ Study
Population: U.S. women ]

101 Han WH, Chen LM, Li CY. Incidences of and Predictors for
Preterm Births and Low Birth Weight Infants in Taiwan. Chinese
Electronic Periodical Services 2003:131-141 [Study Population:
Taiwanese women ]

100 Balaka B, Boeta S, Aghere AD, Boko K, Kessie K, Assimadi K.
Risk factors associated with prematurity at the University of
Lme, Togo. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Nov 2002;95(4):280-283
[ Study Population: women in Togo ]

99 Grimmer I, Buhrer C, Dudenhausen JW. Preconceptional
factors associated with very low birth weight delivery: a
case control study. BMC Public Health 2002; 2:10 [Study
Population: German women].

98 Henriet L, Kaminski M. Impact of induced abortions on
subsequent pregnancy outcome: the 1995 French national perinatal
survey. BJOG 2001;108(10):1036-1042 [ Study Population:
French women ] URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2001.00243.x/full

97 Letamo G, Majelantle RG. Factors Influencing Low Birth
Weight and Prematurity in Botswana. J Biosoc Sci 2001;33(3):
391-403 [ Study Population: women in Botswana ]

96 Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles M-J, Renzo GCD, Papiernik E,
Breast G. Risk factors for 14-21 week abortions: a case-control
study in Europe. Human Reproduction 2000;15(11):2426-2432
[ Study Population: French women ]

95 Bettiol H, Rona RJ, Chin S, Goldani M, Barberi M. Risk Factors
Associated with preterm births in Southeast Brazil: a comparison
of two birth cohorts born 15 years apart. Paediatric Perinatal
Epidemiol 2000;14(1):30-38 [Study Population: Brazilian women ]

*94 Gardosi J, Francis A. Early Pregnancy predictors of preterm
birth: the role of a prolonged menstruation-conception interval.
BJOG 2000;107(2):228-237 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

93 Foix-L'Helias L, Ancel, Blondel B. Risk factors for prematurity
in France and comparisons betweeen spontaneous
prematurity and induced labor; results from the National
Perinatal Survey 1995. J Gy necol Obstet Bio Reprod
(Paris) Feb 2000;29(1);55-65 [ Study Population: French women ]

92 Foix-L'Helias L, Ancel PY, Blondel B. Changes in risk factors
of preterm delivery in France between 1981 and 1995.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. Oct 2000;14(4):
314-323. [ Study Population: French women ]

1990-1999

91* Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles, Di Renzo GC, Papiernik E, Breart G.
Social Differences of very preterm birth in Europe: interaction with
obstetric history. American J Epi 1999;149(10):908-915. [ Study
Population: Women in: Germany, Finland, France, Italy, Hungary,
Ireland, The Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, The Czech Republic,
Poland, Spain, Slovenia, Greece, Romania, Russia, and Turkey ]

!!+90 Zhou W, Sorenson HT, Olsen J. Induced Abortion and
Subsequent Pregnancy Duration. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;94:
948-953. [ Study Population: Danish women ]

!!+*89 Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles M-J, Renzo GCD, Papiernik E,
Breart G. Very and moderate preterm births: are the risk factors
different? British J Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1999;106:1162-1170.
[ Study Population: Women in: Germany, Finland, France, Italy,
Hungary, Ireland, The Netherlands, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, The
Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia, Greece, Romania, Russia, and
Turkey ]

88 Lee KS, Lee WC, Meng KH, Lee Ch, Kim SP. Maternal Factors
Associated with the Premature Rupture of Membrane in the
Low BIrth Weight Infant Deliveries. Korean J Prev Med 1998;21(2):
207-216 [ Study Population: Korean women ]

87 Small Babies in Scotland A Ten Year Overview 1987-1996.
Information and Statistics Division. The National Health
Service in Scotland. Scottish Program for Clinical
Effectiveness. Edinburgh 1998 ISBN 1-902076-07-9.
[ Study Population: Scottish women ]

!!+86 Martius JA, Steck T, Oehler MK, Wulf K-H. Risk factors
associated with preterm (<37+0 weeks) and early preterm
(<32+0 weeks): univariate and multi-variate analysis of
106 345 singleton births from 1994 statewide perinatal
survey of Bavaria. European J Obstetrics & Gynecology
Reproductive Biology 1998;80:183-189. [ Study Population:
German women ]

!!+85 Lumley J. The association between prior spontaneous
abortion, prior induced abortion and preterm birth in first
singleton births. Prenat Neonat Med 1998;3:21-24. [ Study
Population: Australian women ]

*84 Jacobsen G, Schei B, Bakketeig LS. Prepregnant
reproductive risk and subsequent birth outcome among
Scandinavian parous women. Norsk Epidemiol
1997;7(1):33-39 [ Study Populations: Swedish women
and Norwegian women ]

83 Chie-Pein Chen, Kuo-Gon Wang, Yuh-Cheng Yang, Lai-Chu See.
Risk factors for preterm birth in an upper middle class Chinese
population. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Bio 1996;70(1):53-59
[ Study Population: Chinese women ]

*82 Hagan R, Benninger H, Chiffings D. Evans S, French H. Very
preterm birth - a regional study. Part 1: Maternal and obstetric
factors. BJOG 1996;103:230-238 [ Population: Australian women ]

+81 Lang JM, Lieberman E, Cohen A. A Comparison of Risk
Factors for Preterm Labor and Term Small-for-Gestational-Age
Birth. Epidemiology 1996;7:369-376. [ Population: U.S. women ]

80 Meis PJ, Michielutte R, Peters TJ, Wells HB. Factors associated
with preterm birth in Cardiff, Wales. Amer J Obstet Gynecol 1995;
173:590-596 [Study Population: Welsh women ]

79 Khalil AK, El-Amrawy SM, Ibrahim AG, et al. Pattern of
growth and development of premature children at the age of two and
three years in Alexandria, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health
Journal 1995;1(2):186-193. [ Study Population: Egyptian women ]

78 *Hillier SL, Nugent RP, Eschenbach DA, Krohn MA,et al.
Association Between Bacterial Vaginosis And Preterm
Delivery Of A Low-Birth-Weight Infant. NEJM 1995;333:
1737-1742. [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

77 Guinn D, Goldenberg RL, Hauth JC, Andrews WA et al. Risk
factors for the development of preterm premature rupture of
membranes after arrest of preterm labor. AJOG 1995;173
(4):1310-1315. [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

76 Herceg A, Simpson JM, Thompson JF. Risk factors and outcomes
associated with low birthweight delivery in the Australian Capital
Territory 1989-90. J Paediatrics Child Health Aug 1994;30(4):331-335
[ URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1440-1754.1994.tb00657.x/abstract;jsessionid=36F4AB399D4AB405C39112DC73B5C811.d04t01?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false ]

75 Lekea-Karanika V, Tzoumaka-Bangoula C. Past obstetric history of
the mother and its association with low birth weight of a subsequent
child: a population-based study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 1994;8:173-
187 [ Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8047485
; Study Population: Greek women ]

74 Ekwo EE, Grusslink CA, Moawad A. Previous pregnancy outcomes
and subsequent risk of premature rupture of amniotic sac membranes.
Brit J Obstet Gynecol 1993;100(6):536-541 [ Study Population:
U.S. women ]

!!73 Algert C, Roberts C, Adelson P, Frammer M. Low birth weight
in New South Wales, 1987: a Population-Based Study. Aust New
Zealand J Obstet Gynaecol 1993;33:243-248 [ Study Population:
Australian women ]

!!+72 Lumley J. The epidemiology of preterm birth. Bailliere's Clin
Obstet Gynecology. 1993;7(3):477-498 [Population: Australian women ]

71 Chumnijarakij T, Nuchprayon T, Chitinand S., Onthuam N, et al.
Maternal risk factors for low birth weight in Thailand. J Med Assoc
Thai 1991;75(8):445-452 [Abstract URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1300361 ]

70 Mandelson MT, Maden CP, Daling JR. Low Birth Weight in
Relation Multiple Induced Abortions. Am J Public Health 1992;82;
391-394 [Note: More than a few authors refer to the 'Mandelson'
study as NOT finding higher risk of Low Birth Weight for women
with prior induced abortions; such authors should be checked for
'seeing glasses', since Mandelson et al found that women with
ANY (i.e. 1, 2, 3, or more) prior induced abortions BEFORE a
first delivery had SIGNIFICANTLY higher risk of low birthweight
babies; so, you are invited to get a copy of the Mandelson study
& read it yourself.] [Study Population: U.S. Women ] URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1694356/pdf/amjph00540-0065.pdf

69 Gong JH. Preterm delivery and its risk factors. Zhounghua Fu Chan
Ke Za Chi Jan. 1992;27(1):22-24 [ Study Population: Chinese women ]

68*Michielutte R, Ernest JM, Moore ML, Meis PJ, Sharp PC,
Wells HB, Buescher PA. A Comparison of Risk Assessment
Models for Term and Preterm Low Birthweight. Preventive
Medicine 1992;21:98-109. [ Study Population: U.S.-women ]

!!+67*Zhang J, Savitz DA. Preterm Birth Subtypes among Blacks
and Whites. Epidemiology 1992;3:428-433. [Study Population:
U.S. women ]

66 Pickering RM, Deeks JJ. Risks of Delivery during 20th to the
36th Week of Gestation. Intl. J Epidemiology 1991;20:456-466.
[ Study Population: British women ]

65 McGregor JA, French J, Richter R. Antenatal microbiologic
and maternal risk factors associated with prematurity.
Amer J Obstet Gynecol 1990;163:1465-1473 [Study Population:
U.S. women ]

64 Harger JH, Hsing AW, Tuomala RE, Gibbs RS, et al. Risk factors
for preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes: A multicenter
case-control study. Am J Obstet Gynec 1990;163:130-137
[ Study Population: U.S. women ]

63 Li YJ, Zhou YS. study of factors associated with preterm delivery.
Zhongjua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Chi. Aug 1990;11(4):229-234
[ Study Population: Chinese women ]

+62 Vasso L-K, Chryssa T-B, Golding J. Previous obstetric history
and subsequent preterm delivery in Greece. European J
Obstetrics & Gynecology Reproductive Biology 1990;37:
99-109. [ Study Population: Greek women ]

1980-1989

!! +61 Mueller-Heubach E, Guzick DS. Evaluation of risk scoring
in a preterm birth prevention study of indigent patients. Am J
Obstetrics & Gyn 1989;160:829-837.

60 Zwahr, C, Neubert D,, Triebel U,Voight M, Kruppel KH.
Correlation between some environmental, anamnestic and
social markers of pregnant patients and the delivery of
autotrophic premature and hypotrophic newborn infants.
Zentralbl Gynakol 1988;110:479-487

59 Seidman DS, Ever-Hadani P, Slater PE, Harlap S, et al. Child-
b9aring after induced abortion: reassessment of risk. J
Epidemiology Community Health 1988;42:294-298. [URL:http://jech.bmj.com/content/42/3/294.full.pdf ]

58. Main DM, Richardson D, Gabbe SG, Strong S, Weller SC,
Prospective Evaluation of a Risk Scoring System for Predicting
Preterm Delivery in Black Inner City Women. Obstetrics &
Gynecology 1987;69:61-66

57 Krasomski G, Gladysiak A, Krajerski J. Fate of subsequent
pregnancies after induced abortion in primiparae. Wiad Lek
1 December 1987;40(23):1593-1595

56 Lieberman E, Ryan KJ, Monson RR, Schoenbaum SC. Risk
Factors Accounting For Racial Differences in the rate of
premature birth. NEJM 1987;317:743-748. [ Abstract URL:
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM198709173171206 ]

55 Ross MG, Hobel CJ, Bragenier JR, Bear MB, Bemis RL.
A simplified risk-scoring system for prematurity. Amer J
Perinatology 1986;3:339-344

54 Peterlin A Ardolsek L. The effect of induced abortion in
adolescence on the manifestations of spontaneous abortion,
premature abortion, and birth weight. Jugosl Ginekol
Perinatol May-Aug 1986;26(3-4):49-52

+53 Shiono PH, Lebanoff MA. Ethnic Differences and Very
Preterm Delivery. Am J Public Health 1986;76:1317-1321. [ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1646746/pdf/amjph00274-0055.pdf ]

!!+52 Lumley J. Very low birth-weight (less than 1500g) and
previous induced abortion: Victoria 1982-1983. Aust NZ J Obstet
Gynecol 1986;26:268-272.

51 Pickering RM, Forbes J. Risk of preterm delivery and small-
for-gestational age infants following abortion: a population study.
British J Obstetrics and Gynecology 1985;92:1106-1112.

50 Schuler D, Klinger A. Causes of low birth weight in Hungary.
Acta Paediatrica Hungarica 1984;24:173-185

49 Zwahr C, Voigt M. The effect of various parameters on the
incidence of premature births. Zentralbl Gynakol 1983;105:1307-1312

+48 Puyenbroek J, Stolte L. The relationship between spontaneous
and induced abortions and the occurrence of second-trimester
abortion in subsequent pregnancies. Eur J Obstet Gynecol
Reprod Biol 1983;14:299-309 [this is the only study in this
entire list that uses second-trimester miscarriage as a
surrogate for PTB risk].

47 Pompe-Tansek NM, Andolsek L, Tekovcic B. Jugosl Ginekol
Opstet Sept.-Dec. 1982;22(5-6):118-120

46 Schoenbaum LS, Monson RR. No association between coffee
consumption and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. N Engl J
Med 1982;306:141-145

45 Madore C, Hawes WE, Many F, Hexter AC. A study on the
effects of induced abortion on subsequent pregnancy outcome. Amer
J Obstet Gynecol 1981;139(5):516-521

44 Lampe LG, Ratar I, Bernard PP, et al. Effects of smoking and of
induced abortion on pregnancy outcome. IPPF Med Bull 1981;15:3

+43 Berkowitz GS. An Epidemiologic Study of Preterm Delivery.
American J Epidemiology 1981;113:81-92.

42 Lerner RC, Varma AO. Prospective study of the outcome of
pregnancy subsequent to previous induced abortion. Final
report, Contract no. (N01-HD-62803). New York: Downstate
Medical Center, SUNY, January 1981.

41 Slater PE, Davies AM, Harlap S. The Effect of Abortion Method
on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy. J Reprod Med
1981;28:123-128

+40 Obel EB. Long-Term sequelae following legally induced
abortion. Danish Medical Bulletin 1980;27(2):61-74

39 Legrillo V. Quickenton P, Therriault GD, et al. Effect of induced
abortion on subsequent reproductive function. Final report to
NICHD. Albany, NY: New York State Health Department, 1980.

!!+38 Levin A, Schoenbaum S, Monson R, Stubblefield P, Ryan K.
Association of Abortion With Subsequent Pregnancy Loss.
JAMA 1980;243(24):2495-2499

37 Kreibich H, Ludwig A. Early and late complications of abortion
in juvenile primigravidae (including recommended measures).
Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 1980;74(7):311-316.

36 Zwahr C, Voigt M, Kunz L, et al. Relationships between
interruption abortion, and premature birth and low birth weight.
Zentrabl Gynaekol 1980;102:738-747.

1970-1979

35 von Lembrych, S.: Schwangerschafts – Geburts – und Wochenbett verlauf
nach kunsticher Unterbrechung der ersten Graviditat. Zentrabl Genaecol 1972;
94:164

34 Zwahr C, Coigt M, Kunz L, Thielemann F, Lubinski H. Multidimensional
investigations to elucidate relationships between case histories of
interrupted pregnancies and premature deliveries and low birth weight.
Zentrabl Gynekol 1979;101(23):1502-1509

33 Renkieleska M. Obstetrical complications in induced
abortions. Ginekol Pol 1978;49:389-393

32 Macku F, Rokytova V, Titmann O. Artificial Interruption of Pregnancy
in Primigravidae as a risk factor in future pregnancies. Cesk Gynekol
1978;43(5):340-343

31 Kreiblich H, Ehring E. Zentralfl Gynokol Effect of abortion on
subsequent fertility with special reference to the abortion process.
Zentralbl Gynakol 1978;100(19):1254–1260

30 Knarre P. Influence of abortions and interruptions of pregnancy in
subsequent deliveries. II Cause of labor. Zentrabl Gynekol
1976;98(10):591-594

29 Link M, Wichmann A. Pregnancy in adolescents. Zentrabl
Gynekol 1976;98(11):682-689

28 Mikolas M. The effect of the legalization of abortion on public
health and some of its social concomitants in Hungary.
Demografia 1973;16:70-113

27 Pohanka O, Balogh B, Rutkovszky M. The impact of abortion
on the birth weight of newborns. Orb Hetil 1975;116:1983-1989

26 Fredrick J. Antenatal identification of women at high risk of
spontaneous preterm birth. BJOG 1976;83:351-354

25 Chabada J, Pontuch A, Sutta I, Pohlova G. Interruptions of gravidity
as a cause of premature labour Cesk Gynekol 1974;49(5):329-330

24 Kaminski M, Goujard J, Rumeau-Roquette. Prediction of
low birthweight and prematurity by a multiple regression
analysis with maternal characterisitics known since the beginning
of the pregnancy. Intl J Epidem 1973;2:195-204

23 Dziewulska W. Abortion in the past versus the fate of the
subsequent pregnancy. State of the newborn. Ginekol Pol
1973;44:1143-1148 [Poland].

22 Czeizel A, Bognar Z, Tusnady G, et al. Changes in mean birth
weight and proportion of low-weight births in Hungary. Br J
Prev Soc Med 1970;24:146-153.

21 Hungarian Central Statistical Office. The effect of the number
of abortions on premature births and perinatal mortality in Hungary.
Budapest: 1972.

20 World Health Organization. Special Programme of Research,
Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction:
Seventh Annual Report, Geneva, Nov. 1978.

19 Lean TH, Hogue CJR, Wood J. Low birth weight after induced
abortion in Singapore, Presented at the 105th Annual Meeting
of the Americal Public Health Association, Washington DC, Oct.
31, 1977.

18 Koller O, Eikhom SN. Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion in
Primigravidae. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1977;56:311-317.

17 Harlap S, Davies AM. Late sequelae of induced abortion:
Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor.
Amer J Epidemiology 1975;102:219-224.

16 Roht LH, Aoyama H, Leinen GE, et al. The association of
multiple induced abortions with subsequent prematurity and
spontaneous abortion. Acta Obstet Gynaecol Jpn 1976;23:
140-145.

15 Ratter G et al. Effect of Abortion on Maturity of Subsequent
Pregnancy. Med J Australia June 1979: 479-480.

14 World Health Organization Task Force on the Sequelae of
Abortion. Gestation, birthweight and spontaneous abortion.
Lancet 1979;1:142-145.

+13 Obel E, et al. Pregnancy Complications Following Legally
Induced Abortion With Special Reference to Abortion
Technique. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1979;58:147-152.

12 Grindel B, Lubinski H, Voigt M. Induced abortion in
primigravidae and subsequent pregnancy, with particular attention
of underweight. Zentralbl Gynaekol 1979;101:1009-1114.

+11 Bognar Z, Czeizel A. Mortality and Morbidity Associated with
Legal Abortions in Hungary, 1960-1973. AJPH 1976;66:568-575.

+10 Papaevangelou G, Vrettos AS, Papadatos D, Alexiou C. The
Effect of Spontaneous and Induced Abortion on Prematurity
and Birthweight. The J Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British
Commonwealth. May 1973;80:418-422.

9 Richardson JA, Dixon G. Effect of legal termination on subsequent
pregnancy. British Med J 1976;1:1303-1304.

!!8 Van Der Slikke JW, Treffers PE. Influence of induced abortion on
gestational duration in subsequent pregnancies. BMJ 1978;1:
270-272 [>95% confident of preterm risk for gestation less than
32.0 weeks].

7 Pantelakis SN, Papadimitriou GC, Doxiadis SA.Influence of
induced and spontaneous abortions on the outcome of
subsequent pregnancies. Amer J Obstet Gynecol. 1973;116:
799-805.

6 Dolezal A, Andrasova V, Tittlbachova S, et al. Interruption of
pregnancy and their relation to premature labous and hyptrophic
foetuses. Cesk Gynekol 1970:36:331

5 Drac P, Nekvasilova Z. Premature termination of pregnancy after
previous interruption of pregnancy. Cesk Gynekol 1970;35:
332-333.

1960-1969

4 Arvay A, Gorgey M, Kapu L. La relation entre les avortements
(interruptions de la grossesse) et les accouchements prematures.
Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet 1967;62:81-86

3 Furusawa Y, Koya Y. The Influence of artificial abortion on delivery.
In: Koya Y, ed. Harmful effects of induced abortion. Tokyo:
Family Planning Federation of Japan,1966:74-83.

2 Miltenyi K. On the effects of induced abortion. Demografia
1964;7:73-87.

1 Barsy G, Sarkany J. Impact of induced abortion on the birth rate
and infant mortality. Demografia 1963;6:427-467.
* studies that included spontaneous and induced
abortions but did not report PTB/LBW risk separately for each
+ studies that found dose/response (the more SIAs, the higher the risk)
.........................................................................................................................................................

Brent Rooney (MSc)
Research Director, Reduce Preterm Risk Coalition
3456 Dunbar St. (Suite 146) Vancouver, Canada V6S 2C2
email: fullterm40@gmail.com web: http:/www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf

..__________________________________________________________________________________..
[End of section listing 'Abortion-Preterm-Birth' studies]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

...____________________________________________________________________________________...

 

2. Translation of the December 1973 article in Magyar Hirek (Hungary News) by Judit Kovacs: Translation of Népesedéspolitikánk néhány kérdése: A Különb Utódokért Magyar Hirek 26; 10, 1973.

Translated by Dr. Elizabeth Demeter Sign. [E. Demeter]

 

                      Some Ideas on Our Demography

                 A Program for Healthier Children

 

Only our family can fulfill our lives and only our off-

spring can make it complete” said Dr. Professor Jenö

Sárkány in one of his lectures. While medical researchers

try to prevent premature births and damage to the unborn

baby too often physicians are asked to treat underweight

and underdeveloped newborns. During the past 15 years

numerous studies were carried out and extensive

statistical data and family history were collected to find

out the reason for the much lower number of healthy

babies who were carried to full term and were born

healthy with a good chance for normal development.

These children create hardship and emotional traumas for

their parents. Babies who were born to mothers older

than 25 and who already had one or two children often

weighed less than 2500 grams (and sometimes much less

than that) and were physically and mentally

underdeveloped. “(Különösképp a 25 esztendösnél

idösebb anyák, és a harmadik, negyedik gyereküket

világra hozó asszonyok szültek 25000 grammnál (jóval

könnyebb) testileg, szellemileg károsodott csecsemöket.)”

 

The result of the professor's research: mothers who

underwent induced abortions between giving births had

far fewer healthy babies. Only half of the mothers who

had an induced abortion between childbirths gave births

to healthy babies. Many women behaved irresponsibly

and opted to have an induced abortion before their 25th

birthday although it was known for a long time that the

procedure was not without danger. Complications like

sterility, chronic sickness caused by induced abortion

have been known for a long time. Other research

collaborated Dr. Sárkány's findings. Hereditary

illnesses, the mother's behaviour – smoking, drinking

alcohol – and mental illnesses can also cause premature

babies. But these did not disprove Dr. Sárkány's research

results. Restricting the availability of abortions can

protect mothers and their new babies' health. Proper

prenatal care is, of course, also very important. The new

legislation addresses these two tasks.

 

Health protection

 

The purpose of restricting access to induced abortion is

not to suddenly increase the number of births and

achieve an improved demographic record. We know from

statistics around the world that reducing abortions will

not result in a higher birth rate. Our goal is to protect

the mothers' health so they can give births to healthy

babies. Every year we would like to see more and more

women who never have an induced abortion.

 

We would like to reduce induced abortion not through

restriction but with the increased use of contraception.

Years ago when we removed the prohibition to abortion

we did not have sufficient supply of birth control pills

and the quality of our health care was much lower. The

only protection we offered mothers who underwent

induced abortion was that the procedure had to be carried

out in a hospital. (In the future these procedures will be

carried out in hospitals). By receiving hospital care

women did not die from these procedures and they did

not develop serious infections.

 

Now we are in the process of establishing conditions that

will help us reduce the number of abortions. We currently manufacture three types of birth control pills and we

also import them. These pills are available at a very low

price just like many other medications.

 

The aim is to allow every woman to find one type of pill

that will suit her needs. They can be prescribed not only

by a woman's gynecologist but by her family physician,

as well. Doctors are now educated about their adverse

side-effects and the type of medical check-up that should

be carried out prior to prescribing these pills. As we know

even an aspirin can have adverse side-effects.

 

We have established a national health network to protect

the family. Through these networks doctors will provide

guidance and answers to couples and pregnant women's

concerns. It will now be mandatory for all women and

couples to seek assistance from their doctors during

pregnancy. A doctor will not only give a thorough

examination, but he or she will also look into couples'

parents and grandparents backgrounds for possible

hereditary problems. Doctors can also examine the

causes of sterility and provide assistance on birth control.

Some medical offices will be equipped with laboratories

to carry out appropriate tests while others will be assigned

lawyers and psychologists to provide advice and

assistance. We will introduce programs and will prepare

educational pamphlets concerning family planning.

Trained doctors will conduct seminars on this subject at

schools. These will not be strictly sexual education sessions, rather they will cover biological and health aspects of reproduction, family planning and relationships. These seminars will enhance the young generation's knowledge of these topics thereby enabling them to take greater responsibility for their actions and help them to properly take care of themselves and their family members.

 

 

What can we expect from the new restriction?

 

According to the new law introduced on January 1, 1974 a pregnancy can still be terminated in certain cases. induced

abortion is allowed only where the mother's health is in

jeopardy, where the mother is not married or has been

separated for longer than six months, when neither parent

has a place to live, when the mother already has three or

more children, and when the mother has already had an

induced abortion in the past or she is 35 years or older.

We expect that the restrictions to obtain an abortion will

result in increased sense of responsibility on the part of

parents or the would-be mother. Clearly they will be

better educated on the various options open to them.

 

 

Embryo protection

 

If our goal is to achieve a family with an average of three

children why do we pay so much attention to the prevention of pregnancy? We shall still leave the decision of how many children families want up to the parents, but

unrestricted access to abortion will no longer be allowed

as has been the case in the past. It is an established medical fact that for the sake of the mother's health the first pregnancy must be carried to full term since an induced abortion often leaves a woman unable to conceive again. Even if the mother or parents had an important reason for terminating a pregnancy when they are later told that she can no longer have a child those seemingly important reasons become irrelevant. By educating parents on the risks associated with induced abortion and by helping them prevent unwanted pregnancies we can avoid human tragedies.

 

As I already mentioned the new law looks after the

pregnant woman's safety and welfare. Now women will

know that they have to see a doctor when they become

pregnant. We would like to see them seek medical help at

the very beginning of pregnancy even if they feel fine so

we can detect any risk and complications as early as

possible. The existing labor code guarantees that during

the second half of her pregnancy every woman is entitled

to work in a safe, physically comfortable environment.

Those who already had an induced abortion or suffered

through a miscarriage need special care. When deemed

appropriate by her doctor she can be placed on special

leave even starting at the first month of pregnancy. Pregnant woman may even be sent to a hospital to receive around-the-clock care to ensure that delivery will be normal and that both she and her baby will be strong and healthy. Doctors suggest that mothers should take the first month of the five-month paid maternity leave they are entitled to and stay home before birth. Unfortunately, most

mothers do not accept this advice so our plan is to

increase maternity leave an extra month and order a

one-month rest at home before birth. This would be a

continuation of the newly introduced law and would be

an important part of our long term program. The date

when we can introduce this new initiative will depend on

our financial situation and other circumstances.

 

Kovács Judit

[End of translation of Dec. 1973 Judit Kovács article]

...___________________________________________________________________________________...

 

 

 
Brent Rooney: Preterm Birth & Breast Cancer Prevention Articles & Letters


1 Rooney B. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer and the Nuremberg Code.

    Israel Medical Association Journal January 2009;11(1):66


2 Rooney B. Prior abortions elevate risk of extremely preterm births.

   Annals Epidemiology January 2009;19(1):70-71


3 Rooney B, Calhoun BC, Roche L. Does induced abortion account for

   racial disparity in preterm births, and violate the Nuremberg Code?

   Journal American Physicians Surgeons 2008;13(4):102-104   

   [ URL:   http://www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf ]

 


4 Calhoun BC, Shadigian E, Rooney B. Cost Consequences of Induced

   Abortion as an Attributable Risk for Preterm Birth and Informed Consent.

  Journal Reproductive Medicine 2007;52(10):929-937

   [ URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17977168 ]

   [Comment: Calhoun, Shadigian and Rooney estimate that in 2002 prior

   induced abortions caused 1,096 Cerebral Palsy cases in U.S. Newborns

   under 1,500 grams body weight]

 

5 Rooney B, Calhoun BC. Induced abortion and risk of later preterm

   births. Journal American Physicians Surgeons 2003;8(2):46-49

   [ URL: http://www.jpands.org/vol8no2/rooney.pdf ]

   [Comment: Rooney & Calhoun provide the overwhelming evidence that prior induced

   abortions elevate preterm birth risk; article has never been challenged via a

   letter to the editor.]

 

6 Brent Rooney. Is elective induced abortion healthy for women and

   their future newborn? Ars Medica [Chilean Spanish language medical

   journal] 2002;4(6):95-111

    [URL: http://escuela.med.puc.cl/publ/ArsMedica/ArsMedica6/Art09.html ]

    [Comment: Rooney documents that abortion raise the risk of suicide, short term death risk,

    future preterm delivery and breast cancer for the mother.]


7 Brent Rooney. Elective Surgery boosts Cerebral Palsy risk. European

    Journal Obstetrics Gynecology Reproductive Biology 2001;96(2):239-240

     [Comment: Rooney credibly link prior induced abortions to higher future risk

     of preterm newborns with Cerebral Palsy; this letter never fundamentally challenged

     via a letter to the editor.]


 

8 Brent Rooney. Having an induced abortion increases risk in future pregnancies.

   British Medical Journal 2001;322:430 [Comment: Induced abortions elevate

    future risk of preterm deliveries and breast cancer risk for mothers.]


9 Brent Rooney. Delayed birth equals more cancers and preterm births.

    Western Journal Medicine 2001;174:385-386 [Comment: Induced abortions

      make women older 'rookie' moms, thus boosting their risk of breast cancer and

      delivering newborn prematurely.]


10 Brent Rooney. Is Cerebral Palsy Ever a 'Choice'? The Post-Abortion

      Review October-December 2000;8(4):4-5

        ----


11 Brent Rooney. Racism, Poverty, Abortion, and Other Reproductive

      Outcomes. Epidemiology 2000;11:740-741 [Comment: Prior induced

      abortions are a credible preterm birth risk factor.]

       ---

12 Brent Rooney. Low Birth Weight: Reducing the Risk. Birthing magazine Fall 1998

       ---


13 Brent Rooney.  An Early First Birth for Breast Cancer Prevention. ALIVE April

      1997;174:34-35

      ---

14 Brent Rooney. No Breast Cancer for My Daughter – How to Reduce the Risk

     ALIVE  July/August 1995;154:17-18

 

..........................................................................................................................................................

Brent Rooney (MSc, Medical Researcher)
Research Director, Reduce Preterm Risk Coalition
3456 Dunbar St. (Suite 146)
Vancouver, Canada V6S 2C2
web:   http://www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf
           http://www.jpands.org/vol8no2/rooney.pdf
email: fullterm40@gmail.com, stopcancer@yahoo.com, whatsup@vcn.bc.ca
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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